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Bharatpur was founded in the 18th century by Raja Suraj Mal. This fort was built to withstand heavy attacks and to protect the loyal Jats. The fort is encircled by two huge moats. Suraj Mal once marched into Delhi & carried away the gates of Agra Fort in order to strenghtn his fort. It is known as "Lohagarh (Iron Fort) for even cannonballs were unable to pierce the impregnable walls of the fort. Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas are some of the monuments of importance within the fort.

The palace which is a blend of Rajput and Moghul styles houses a museum in the centre wing, where numerous artefacts can be seen some dating back to the 2nd century AD. There are two victory towers within the fort - Jawahar Burj (as a mark of victory over the Moghuls) and Fateh Burj (celebrating the victory over the British).

The Keoladeo Ghana National Park lies about 5 kms south-east of Bharatpur. (about 176 kms away from Delhi, and 50 km west of Agra). It is a vast expanse covering 29 sq kms. It was originally created by the Maharaja of Bharatpur for private hunting. It is a low lying marsh and serves as a sanctuary for a wide variety of birds, around 300 species out of which around 120 species breed here. The thory babul trees with their tops above the water hold the nests of the visiting migratory birds. This sanctuary serves as the winter home for migrants from Central Asia and Siberia, including the Siberain Crane ( travels 6,400 kms from their breeding grounds, in Siberia), an endangered species.

Some of the other rare birds are greylag geese, the bareheaded goose from China and winged beauties from Afghanistan, Central Asia and Tibet. The native birds include pelican, ibis, egret, painted stork and darter. Other animals found here are the blue bull, spotted deer, python, porcupine, nilgai, hyena, sambhar and wild boar.

Though the sanctuary is open throughtout the year, the season time is between October & February. The breeding season is between August and October.