: double notes.
JATHI SWARAM(Tamil) : a composition with the divisions pallavi, anupallavi and charanam but without a sahitya.
JAVALI(Tamil) : a song of an erotic nature.
JANAKA RAAGA : literally, a parent raaga.
JANAKA-JANYA PADDHATI : the system of classification of raagas into parent raagas and derivative raagas.
JANYA RAAGAS(Tamil) : a raaga born or derived from a janaka or parent raaga.
JHOMBAKA(Tamil) : a singer who sings with so much effort that the nerves in the region of his neck bulge out. This is one of the Gayaka doshas or faults in singing and should be avoided.
JIVA SWARA(Tamil) : the life note of a raaga. It is also called raaga chhaya swara.