|STATES AND UNION TERRITORIES OF INDIA|
pink city), the capital of Rajasthan is a walled city with 7 gates.
It is surrounded by rugged hills with forts and palaces as adornment.
The city was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II (1699-1744).
He felt the need to shift his capital from Amber. The city of Jaipur
was planned according to Shilpa Sastra and was built by a Bengali architect
Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya. The city is laid out with 6 rectangular
sections with broad roads and spacious bazaars. In 1863 AD, numerous
pink sandstone forts arose to welcome Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria.
The city palace,
a former royal residence is built in traditional Rajasthani and Moghul
styles, with ornate gtes, arches, balconies and courtyards. The ground
and first floors of the seven storey Chandra Mahal houses the Maharaja
Sawai Man Singh II Museum with its rich collection of ornaments, arms,
royal costumes, carpets, miniature paintings of both Rajasthani &
Moghul styles, illustrated Persian and Arabic manuscripts, chariots, carraiges,
royal howdahs (elephant seats) and other art objects.
Adjoinging the palace is the beautiful Jal Niwas
The Hawa Mahal
is also known as the Palace of Winds. This elaborate five-storyed
pyramidal building with overhanging latticed balconies was built in 1799
by Maharaja Pratap Singh so that the royal ladies could witness processions
and activities in the market place.
is an astronomical observatory that was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Sing
in the 18th century. This king with his enormous interest in astronomy
had instruments laid in concrete which were used to study the constellation
& stars. The enormous sun dials are found to beaccurate to date.
The Samrat Yantra (King of Dials) is absolutely accurate & precise.
Later he built such observatories in other cities - Delhi, Varanasi, Ujjain,
one of the most luxurious palaces with over 1000 rooms. The palace
is now a fine hotel with all its grandeur, offering modern amenities such
as banquet halls, golf course, tennis courts and swimming pools.
This two storeyed
graceful building in the Ram Nivas Garden was built in 1876 AD by Prince
Albert. It is also known as the Albert Hall. There is a vast
collection of archealogical and art pieces, brassware, ivory carvings,
jewellery, textiles, sculptures, miniature paintings.
Places Around jaipur