information pertaining to all the monuments we visited
four types of monuments to be seen in Mahabalipuram - the monoliths, cave
mandapams, structural temples, bas relief.
||Most of the
monuments are located slightly below the ground level. They were
once buried under the sand which had to be removed to reveal the sculptural
||The main rulers
believed to have contributed
son Narasimha Pallava
grandson Paramesvara Pallava
four different pillars
- square at top and bottom and octagonal in the middle
pillars with seated lion as the base
pillars with standing lion as the base.
pillar - square at top and bottom
in the middle
body as seen in the
lion as the base as seen in
||Both men and
women are seen wearing two different types of earrings - makara kundalam
in one ear and patra-kundala in the other, as shown in the Gangadhara panel
in the Adivaraha cave.
||In the early
Pallava temples, there was no lingam or idol installed in the sanctum.
Worship was offered to the relief image on the rear wall of the sanctum.
The relief image was either in the form of stone carving on the wall or
a wooden panel. Hence, some of the mandapams now have empty garbagrihams.
no inscriptions in any of the monuments indicating the ruler who was responsible
for the excavation/construction. The inscriptions available are slokas,
the king's titles... They are in Pallava Grantha script or Devanagiri.
Later Chola inscriptions are in Tamil.
are the gate-keepers seen on either side of the garbagriham guarding the
deity. It is possible to identify if a shrine is for Siva, Vishnu,
Brahma or Durga by studying the dress, hair style and weapons of the dwarapalakas/dwarapalikas.
In the Siva shrines, they are seen with jatamakutam, in a fierce mood,
with wide eyes, holding a club or sword. In the Vishnu shrines they
have a youthful and pleasant look, with a crown on their head. In the Durga
shrines, there are female gate keepers, Dwarapalikas.