& use of various forms of fine textile varieties can be traced back
to the Indus Valley period. Due to the short life of the textiles,
the only evidences are the paintings, sculptures & inscriptions if
any. The images in the paintings & sculptures are seen draped
in fine transparent muslin. In fact, in most paintings the fineness
of the cloth is stressed by highlighting only the hem and folds of the
dress. There are clear evidences of the variety of textiles and embroidery
in the Ajanta murals & miniature paintings, temple murals.
The art of weaving and dyeing cotton had been well developed, but silk
weaving came later. The art was practised from 1st century and by
the 4th & 5th century, woven silk formed a major portion of exports.
the major attraction that formed the bulk of the trade with Western and
Eastern countries. Roman documents mention the export of silk from
India to Europe around the sixth century A.D. Masulipatnam on the
western coast was an important port, with traders coming in from China,
Arabia & European countries like Portugal, France and England.
was carried on in the North, with caravan loads of woven textiles reaching
Moscow. The Moghul Emperors with their flair for beauty and luxury
brought in new skills which mingled with the existing art, resulting in
trade that had started diminishing with lack of strong Moghul rulers, totally
came to a standstill with the Industrial Revolution in England. In
their attempt to sell their wares, India was used as a dumping ground for
their cheap machine made textiles. Indian master weavers were out
of jobs. The Swadeshi Movement stressed the need for use of the hand
crafted Indian textiles, both to preserve the craft forms and also to protect
the interests of the Indian craftsmen.
efforts were made to revive the industry. In 1952, the All-India
Handicrafts Board was set up, with Smt. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya as the
chairman. The conditions were so pathetic with little or no information
available easily. Several programmes were launched to retrieve some
samples, to create an awareness amongst the public, to learn again to appreciate
the fine intricate art forms of our country. All their efforts have
paid off and today there is a great recognition, thanks to their efforts,
for the Indian textiles in India and abroad.
Jayanth Kalamkari designs
Manufacturer and wholesaler of pure vegetable print
kalamkari sarees, fabrics, dress materials, kurtis, patch work kurtis
and sarees, shawls, bedsheets, table cloths, door curtains, wall panels -
non chemical and easy to maintain, long lasting and color fast.
silk sarees online
sellers of art
silk sarees, kanchipuram silk, cotton, pure crepe silk,